Do you know the history of roller coasters?

Date: 2018-10-04
In the early days of roller coasters, there were only traditional wooden roller coasters. Today, there are about 30 members of the roller coaster family, including metal, suspension, upright and shuttle roller coasters.
Wooden roller coaster tracks are similar to traditional train tracks. In most roller coasters, the wheels have the same flange design as the train, that is, a concave structure is formed inside the wheels so that the cars do not roll out of the tracks. The car also has another set of wheels (some are just safety rods) that roll under the tracks. This prevents the car from flying into the air.
With the introduction of steel tube track in 1950s, the roller coaster field has changed greatly. As the name implies, a steel tube track consists of a pair of very long steel pipes. The steel tubes are supported by a strong superstructure, which is lightweight and is made of steel or beams that are slightly thicker than track steel. In a steel roller coaster, the train wheels are usually made of polyurethane or nylon. In addition to the traditional wheels placed directly above the steel track, there are other wheels running at the bottom and side of the track. This design allows the car to stay firmly stuck in the track, which is essential when the train passes through the track's twists and turns. These wheels ensure that the roller coaster does not deviate from the track during the tense ride.
The wheels of the roller coaster is usually made of polyurethane or nylon, but this material wear in high speed very quickly, so developing a new type of high quality material as a roller coaster designer to solve the problem.
In a steel roller coaster, the train can either stay in the tracks like a traditional wooden roller coaster or hang from the top of the tracks like a ski lift. In a suspended roller coaster, the suspended train can swing along a rotating joint on its axis, thus adding a motion to both sides. In roller coaster, the suspended train is firmly connected to the track, allowing the designer to control the motion of the car more accurately.
Unlike a wooden track, a steel track is not made of individual components. Similar to skyscrapers using prefabricated steel beams, it is prefabricated by large curved modules. The smooth curved track can be produced by the steel manufacturing process, so that the roller coaster can move in all directions along the slope of the track. In a wooden roller coaster, when the body rolls over the joint that connects the parts of the wooden track, it will rattle, causing the running process to feel stopped. In the steel roller coaster, the parts of the track are perfectly welded together, making the body run smoothly. Any roller coaster lover will tell you that each experience has its own unique charm.
The oldest company in history is Arrow Dynamics (now owned by S&S Power) in clearfield, Utah.

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